Our mouth is abundant with bacteria, these bacteria along with mucus and other particles form a sticky, colorless plaque on our teeth. Brushing and flossing helps to get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed eventually hardens and only at your dental visit can it be removed. Gingivitis occurs if daily oral hygiene is not maintained. If gingivitis is not treated it can lead to periodontitis. Untreated periodontitis will cause bone loss and mobility of the tooth due to bacterial toxins destroying supporting tissue. Your dentist can evaluate your periodontal health and offer treatment such as scaling and root planing or periodontal surgery to maintain your oral health.